In CSE style, all journal titles are abbreviated using ISO4 abbreviation conventions. The following authoritative sources may also be used to locate a journal title abbreviation:
The CSE (Council of Science Editors) style is used in the natural sciences including biology. The CSE style provides three different citing systems : 1) the Citation-Sequence system, 2) the Citation-Name system, and 3) the Name-Year system. These systems differ in their presentation of in-text citations and in the way cited references are listed. The examples on this guide follow the Name-Year system. You need to cite your sources in two places within your paper: in-text and reference list.
Basic Format for Journal Articles
Print Journal Article
Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal Title. Volume(Issue):Page Numbers.
Online Journal Article
Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal Title. [date updated; date accessed];Volume(Issue):Page Numbers. URL (if found online). doi (if any).
Print Journal Articles Examples
Board J. 2001. Reduced lodging for soybeans in low plant population is related to light quality. Crop Sci. 41(2):379-387.
For 2-10 authors, list all names.
Bennett AB, Gratton C. 2013. Floral diversity increases beneficial arthropod richness and decreases variability in arthropod community composition. Ecol Appl. 23(1):86-95.
Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. 2003. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. J Card Fail. 9(1):49-58.
For 2 authors, use the word “and” to connect the two names. For articles with 2 or more authors, list only the first author followed by “et al.”
(Bennett and Gratton 2013)
(Smart et al. 2003)
10 or More Authors
For 10+ authors, list the first 10 followed by “et al.”
Park KS, Kim YS, Kim JH, Choi BK, Kim SH, Oh SH, Ahn YR, Lee MS, Lee MK, Park JB, et al. 2009. Influence of human allogenic bone marrow and cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cell secreting trophic factors on ATP (adenosine-5 '-triphosphate)/ADP (adenosine-5'-diphosphate) ratio and insulin secretory function of isolated human islets from cadaveric donor. Transplant Proc. 41(9):3813-3818.
(Park et al. 2009)
Online Journal Articles Example
Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D. 2005. Mumps outbreaks across England and
Wales in 2004: observational study. BMJ. [accessed 2005 May 31];330(7500):1119–1120. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com
(Savage et al. 2005)