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Citation Help

Citing Online Resources

Template

Author(s). Title. Journal Name [using NLM abbreviations]. Year;vol(issue No.):inclusive pages. URL or DOI [Omit URLs and DOIs from your citation if it's a link to a library resource]. Published [date]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date].

NOTE: Omit "Published" and "Updated" dates if information is not supplied. "Accessed" date not required if DOI is present.


Example

Clarke EL, Evans JR, Smeeth L. Community screening for visual impairment in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;(2):CD001054. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001054.pub3.

Template

Author(s). Book Title. [Edition number, if it is the second edition or above] ed. City, State (or country) of publisher: Publisher's name; copyright year. URL or DOI: [omit URL if accessed through the library]. Accessed [date].

Example

Krinsky DL, Ferreri SP, Hemstreet B, et al. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care. 19th ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2019. Accessed April 23, 2019.

Template

Author(s). Chapter title. In: Editor(s). Book Title. [Edition number, if it is the second edition or above] ed. City, State (or country) of publisher: Publisher's name; copyright year:inclusive pages. URL or DOI: [omit URL if accessed through the library]. Accessed [date].

Example

​Haine CL. The ophthalmic case historian. In: Benjamin WJ, Borish IM, eds. Borish's Clinical Refraction. 2nd ed. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier; 2006:195-216. Accessed April 23, 2019.

Template

Author(s), if given (skip if not given). Title of the specific item cited (if none given, name of the organization responsible for the web site). Name of the Web site. URL. Published [date]. Updated [date]. Accessed [date].

Example

National diabetes statistics report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/statistics-report.html. Updated February 24, 2018. Accessed April  23, 2019.

Template

Medication Name [package insert]. City, State Abbreviation: Manufacturer’s Name; Year.

Example

Byetta(R) [package insert]. San Diego, CA: Amylin Pharmaceuticals Inc; 2007.

General AMA Rules

Authors

  • List author names starting with the last name followed by first and middle initials, no periods.
    • If there are more than six authors, list the first three followed by et al.
    • Example: Jordan CJ, Cao J, Newman AH, et al.

Capitalization

Other

  • Retain the spelling, abbreviations, and style used in the original resource title.
  • Include inclusive page numbers (i.e., the start and end page numbers).
  • Reference the most specific part when possible (i.e., cite the chapter within the book).

URLs & DOIs

  • Only include accessible links.